Visual Thinking and Sketching in Design Creativity
Aysu Ceren Yılmaza, Özge Kandemirb,
a,bDepartment of Interior Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Eskişehir Technical University, Eskişehir, Turkey
Keywords: Design, Creativity, Visual Thinking, Sketching
Design is a practice that is highly dependent on creativity. Because design problems are viewed as ill-defined and unique, usual or ordinary solutions may fall short when solving the problem. The designer has to think creatively, bend and shape the process to find new methods to produce the solution. While there are many different ways of thinking, each valuable and effective in certain ways, visual thinking is a particularly beneficial skill for design creativity beyond its apparent advantages in representation and presentation. In design practices, visual thinking is a cognitive process that entails visual processing information and generating new and unique ideas to solve a design problem. Visual thinking has the potential to help see things in new ways, discover new relations and create unique solutions for design problems. In doing so, visual thinking utilizes certain tools, including sketching. Sketching has specific properties that are essential to creative problem-solving in design practices. Because of their abstract, free nature, and flexibility, sketches become a creative medium in solving complex design problems. In this regard, the study aims to reveal the relation between visual thinking and sketching in the context of design.